Many hundreds of years ago, the Silk Road was the main trade route linking China with the Middle East and Europe. The transports, which took place along this unusual track, were mentioned in all sorts of legends and myths. The discovery of the sea way to China at the end of the seventeenth century caused a decline in the importance of the Silk Road for shipping. Only in 2013, under the new trade agreement between the Middle Kingdom and the European Union, there has been a reactivation of this unique commercial corridor and the opening of new rail links, offering cargo only service. Since that time, rail transport from China has been experiencing an exceptionally dynamic boom and has become the fastest growing product among the whole range of forwarding services.
Rail transport is a very interesting "golden mean" between sea and air. Its advantage over sea shipments is that of much shorter transit time. The route from China to Malaszewicze takes only 13 days from the date of departure. Only one more day is needed to get to the terminal located in Warsaw. This is approximately 1/3 of the transit time when compared to traditional maritime transport. It is also not without significance when it comes to ecology — railway is characterized by much better indicators of environmental pollution. The advantage of rail over air freight, on the other hand, is much lower price. Decision to ship LCL cargo by rail reduces freight costs, when compared to air transport, by approx. 30%.
These advantages, coupled with a rapidly growing rail infrastructure and rolling stock suggests that rail transport will continue to grow in importance and will soon become the main way of moving freight on the Eurasian continent.